Recommended literature — Venous Malformations

Barbera L, Fiedler HW, Krauss M, Die Rolle der Embolisation bei venösen Malformationen. Zentralbl Chir 2012;137:485-490

Behravesh S et al, Venous malformations: clinical diagnosis and treatment. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2016;6:557-569

Breugem CC et al, Vascular malformations of the lower limb with osseous involvement. J Bone Joint Surg 2203;85:399-405

Childs, David D. et al., Successful Treatment of Intramuscular Venous Malformation with Image-guided Radiofrequency Ablation. JVIR 2013; 23 , 10 : 1391 - 1393

Funayama e et al, How do the type and location of a vascular malformation influence growth in Klippel-Trenaunay-Syndrome? Plast Recon Surg 2011;127: 340-346

Goldann C, Helm M, Uller W, Fellner C, Hammer S, Deistung A, Gussew A, Rosendahl J, Wildgruber M, Wohlgemuth WA, Brill R. MR imaging of venous malformations: sciatic nerve infiltration patterns and involved muscle groups. Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 3;10(1):14618

Lee KB et al, Incidence of soft tissue injury and neuropathy after embolo/sclerotherapy for congenital vascular malformation. J Vasc Surg 2008;48:1286-1291

Lee B und Villavicencio L, Congenital vascular malformations: General considerations in Rutherford`s Vascular Surgery 7th edition, Saunders 2010; 1046-1064

Liu G et al, Ultrasound-guided Intralesional Diode Laser Treatment of Congenital Extratruncular Venous Malformations: Mid-term Results

Loose D und Weber J, Angeborene Gefäßmißbildungen, Verlag Nordlanddruck 1997, 216-226

Politi M, Barbera L, Roth C, Papanagiotou P, Diagnosis and treatment of vascular malformations. HJR 2018;3,3: 45-53

Rössler J, Segmentale Überwuchssyndrome. Kinder- und Jugendmedizin 2016; 16:411-416

Uller W, Wille RM, Wohlgemuth W, Diagnostik und Klassifikation von Gefäßmalformationen. In: Interventionelle Radiologie Scan, 2013, 3, S. 235-248

Wohlgemuth W et al, Angeborene Gefäßmalformationen: Klassifikation, Symptome, Diagnostik und Prognose. Zentralbl Chir 2012; 137: 440-445

Wohlgemuth WA, Müller-Wille R, Teusch V, Hammer S, Wildgruber M, Uller W. Ethanolgel sclerotherapy of venous malformations improves health-related quality-of-life in adults and children - results of a prospective study. Eur Radiol. 2017 Jun;27(6):2482-2488

Yamaki T et al, Prospective randomized efficacy of ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy compared with ultrasound-guided liquid sclerotherapy in the treatment of symptomatic venous malformations. J Vasc Surg 2008;47:578-584


ISSVA Classification of Vascular Anomalies ©2014 International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies Available at "" Accessed [07/26/2017]