Recommended literature — Invasive therapy

Berenguer B, Burrows PE, Zurakowski D et al. Sclerotherapy of craniofacial venous malformations: complications and results. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999; 104: 1 - 11.

Burrows PE. Endovascular treatment of slow-flow vascular malformations. Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2013; 16: 12 - 21.

Cho SK, Do YS, Shin SW et al. Arteriovenous malformations of the body and extremities: analysis of therapeutic outcomes and approaches according to a modified angiographic classification. J Endovasc Ther 2006; 13: 527 - 538.

Kerber C. Intracranial cyanoacrylate: a new catheter therapy for arteriovenous malformation. Invest Radiol 1975; 10: 536 - 538.

Lee BB, Do YS, Yakes W, et al. Management of arteriovenous malformations: a multidisciplinary approach. J Vasc Surg 2004; 39: 590 - 600.

Mallios A, Laurian C, Houbballah R et al. Curative treatment of pelvic arteriovenous malformation - an alternative strategy: transvenous intra- operative embolisation. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2011; 41: 548 - 553.

Müller-Wille R, Wildgruber M, Sadick M, Wohlgemuth WA. Vascular Anomalies (Part II): Interventional Therapy of Peripheral Vascular Malformations. Rofo. 2018 Feb 7. doi: 10.1055/s-0044-101266. [Epub ahead of print]

Müller-Wille R et al. Interventional therapies of vascular malformations. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2019; 144(24):1675-1680

Padwa BL, Hayward PG, Ferraro NF et al. Cervicofacial lymphatic malformation: clinical course, surgical intervention, and pathogenesis of skeletal hypertrophy. Plast Reconstr Surg 1995; 95: 951 -960.

Ranieri M, Wohlgemuth W, Müller-Wille R et al. Vascular malformations of upper and lower extremity - from radiological interventional therapy to surgical soft tissue reconstruction - an interdisciplinary treatment. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2017 Sep 4. doi: 10.3233/CH-179216. [Epub ahead of print]

Schumacher M, Dupuy P, Bartoli JM et al. Treatment of venous malformations: first experience with a new sclerosing agent - a multicenter study. Eur J Radiol 2011; 80: 366 - 372.

Smith MC, Zimmerman MB, Burke DK et al. Efficacy and safety of OK-432 immunotherapy of lymphatic malformations. Laryngoscope 2009; 119: 107 - 115.

Teusch VI, Wohlgemuth WA, Hammer S et al. Ethanol-Gel Sclerotherapy of Venous Malformations: Effectiveness and Safety. Am J Roentgenol 2017; 20: 1 - 6.

Uller W, Müller-Wille R, Wohlgemuth WA. Interventionelle Therapie von Gefäßmalformationen. Interventionelle Radiologie Scan. 2014; 02(01):53 - 69.

Wetter A, Schlunz-Hendann M, Meila D et al. Endovascular treatment of a renal arteriovenous malformation with Onyx. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2012; 35: 211 - 214.

White RI Jr. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: how do I embolize? Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2007; 10: 283 - 290.

Wohlgemuth WA, Uller W, Müller-Wille R. [Liquid embolic agents--Onyx as problem solver]. Radiologe 2013; 53: 223 - 229.

Wohlgemuth WA, Müller-Wille R, Teusch VI et al. The retrograde transvenous push-through method: a novel treatment of peripheral arteriovenous malformations with dominant venous outflow. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2015; 38: 623 - 631.

Article Bleomycin electrosclerotherapy (BEST)

Campana LG, Testori A, Curatolo P et al. Treatment efficacy with electrochemotherapy: a multi-institutional prospective observational study on 376 patients with superficial tumors. Eur J Surg Oncol 2016; 42: 1914-23

Campana LG, Miklavcic D, Bertino G, Marconato R, Valpione S, Imarisio I, Dieci MV, Granziera E, Cemazar M, Alaibac M, Sersa G. Electrochemotherapy of superficial tumors – Current status: Basic principles, operating procedures, shared indications, and emerging applications. Sem Oncology 2019; 10: 55

Horbach SE, Rigter IM, Smitt JH, Reekers JA, Spuls PI, van der Horst CM. Intralesional bleomycin injections for vascular malformations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016; 137: 244–256

McMorrow L, Shaikh M, Kessell G, Muir T. Bleomycin electrosclerotherapy: new treatment to manage vascular malformations. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017 ; 55: 977-979

Wohlgemuth WA. Reversible Elektroporation und moderne Tumortherapie. Lokale Therapieverstärkung durch elektrische Impulse. Forum Sanitas. 2019; 4: 20-22

Wohlgemuth WA, Müller-Wille R, Meyer L, Wildgruber M, Guntau M, Heydt SV, Pech M, Zanasi A, Flöther L, Brill R. Bleomycin ElectroScleroTherapy (BEST) in therapy-resistant venous malformations of the body. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2020 Oct 9:S2213-333X(20)30542-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jvsv.2020.09.009. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33045393.

Article Laser therapy

Hage AN, Chick JFB, Srinivasa RN, Bundy JJ, Chauhan NR, Acord M, Gemmete JJ. Treatment of Venous Malformations: The Data, Where We Are, and How It Is Done. Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2018 Jun;21(2):45-54.

Liu G, Liu X, Li W, Shi H, Ye K, Yin M, Huang Y, Lu X, Huang X, Lu M, Jiang M. Ultrasound-guided intralesional diode laser treatment of congenital extratruncular venous malformations: mid-term results. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2014 May;47(5):558-64.

Lu X, Ye K, Shi H, Li W, Huang Y, Huang X, Lu M, Jiang M. Percutaneous endovenous treatment of congenital extratruncular venous malformations with an ultrasound-guided and 810-nm diode laser. J Vasc Surg. 2011 Jul;54(1):139-45.

Proebstle TM, Sandhofer M, Kargl A, Gül D, Rother W, Knop J, et al. Thermal damage of the inner vein wall during endovenous laser treatment: key role of energy absorption by intravascular blood. Dermatol Surg 2002;28:1308-12.

Rinaldi G, Batul Syed S. Laser for vascular anomalies: successful outcomes in children. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2020 Mar;45(2):141-146.

Article Soft tissue surgery

Jacobowitz GR, Endovascular and surgical treatment of congenital vascular malformations in Rutherford´s Vascular Surgery, 7th edition, Saunders Ed. 2010, S 1065-75.

Loose DA, Die Chirurgie der Marginalvene in Angeborene Gefäßmißbildungen, Verlag Nordlanddruck, 1997, S 230-44.

Loose DA, Operative Korrekturen vaskulärer Malformationen an den unteren Extremitäten. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie, Kongressband 2001, S 507-15.

Article Vascular surgery

Groß J, Loose DA. Chirurgische Therapieoptionen bei angeborenen Gefäßfehlbildungen. Gefässchirurgie. 2014;19(4):316-24.

Loose DA. Therapie von kongenitalen vaskulären Malformationen. In: Pourhassan S, Sandmann W, editors. Gefäßerkrankungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter. Heidelberg: Steinkopff; 2010. p. 70-91.

Loose DA, Mattassi R, Vaghi M. Gefäßmalformationen. In: Debus ES, Gross-Fengels W, editors. Operative und interventionelle Gefäßmedizin. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2012. p. 769-91.

Rialon KL, Fishman SJ. Surgical management of vascular malformations. In: Cronenwett JL, Johnston KW, editors. Rutherford&rsqu;os Vascular Surgery. 1: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. p. 1060-7.

Article Surgical strategy for malformations of the head and neck

Chelliah MP, Do HM, Zinn Z, Patel V, Jeng M, Khosla RK, et al. Management of Complex Arteriovenous Malformations Using a Novel Combination Therapeutic Algorithm. JAMA Dermatol. 2018;154(11):1316-9.

Glade RS, Richter GT, James CA, Suen JY, Buckmiller LM. Diagnosis and management of pediatric cervicofacial venous malformations: retrospective review from a vascular anomalies center. Laryngoscope. 2010;120(2):229-35.

Kansy K, Bodem J, Engel M, Freudlsperger C, Mohlenbruch MA, Herweh C, et al. Interdisciplinary treatment algorithm for facial high-flow arteriovenous malformations, and review of the literature. Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. 2018;46(5):765-72.

Lee BB, Baumgartner I, Berlien P, Bianchini G, Burrows P, Gloviczki P, et al. Diagnosis and Treatment of Venous Malformations. Consensus Document of the International Union of Phlebology (IUP): updated 2013. Int Angiol. 2015;34(2):97-149.

Visser A, FitzJohn T, Tan ST. Surgical management of arteriovenous malformation. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011;64(3):283-91.

Article Hand/Foot Surgery

Al-Quattan MM, Murray KA, El-Shayeb Arteriovenous Vascular Malformations Confined to the Hand: an Algorithm of Management Based on a New Classification. J Hand Surg Eur 2006, 31B:3: 266-273

Guero S, Institute de la Main, Paris, Persönliche Mitteilung

Manoli T, Micheel M, Ernemann U et al Treatment Algorithm and Clinical Outcome of Venous Malformations of the Limbs. Dermatolog Surg 2015;41:1164-1170

Upton J, Coombs CJ, Mullikan JB, Burrows PE, Pap S Vascular Malformations of the Upper Limb: a Review of 270 Patients. J Hand Surg 1999; 24A, 5 1019-1035

Upton J The Recognition and Treatment of Vascular Tumors and Malformations in Children, Chapter 89 in The Growing Hand, ed by Gupta A, Kay SPJ, Scheker LR, Mosby London Edinburgh New York Philadephia St Louis Toronto 2000, p 1019-1035